Visit Antarctica: Things to know before you go

A visit to Antarctica was always a dream of mine. After 2 years of working 3 jobs and non-stop saving I was able to go! However, there are a bunch of things I didn’t know before I went and wish I did. My visit Antarctica post has all the things to know before you go.

Visit Antarctica: Things to know before You go

Wearing Layers

If you don’t know how to dress in layers learn before you visit Antarctica. I’ve always lived in the northeastern part of the United States, and during the winter we can get some pretty cold temps. Let me break it down for you:

 Things to know before going to Antarctica
  1. Start with a light, wicking layer for both the top and bottom. This layer will most likely be see-through. I recommend:
  2. Follow it up with a thermal layer AKA long underwear. No, it’s not super fashionable, but it will keep you warm. I recommend:
  3. Then if it’s really cold out add a fleece or wool layer. Both these materials don’t absorb water very well and are perfect for warmth and water resistance. I recommend:
  4. For the top add a down jacket or parka this will keep the core warm. I recommend:
  5. If your jacket or parka is not waterproof add a waterproof layer over it. You’ll need a waterproof layer on your legs too. Getting cold while you’re out exploring is the worst and will ruin your experience.

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 Antarctica is on the bucket list of many travelers. Here are a few things you need to know before going to the 7th continent. #Antarctica #7thcontinent #penguins #adventure

All activities are weather dependent

Safety is the first concern of any Antarctic expedition. When it comes to poor weather conditions an expedition leader and/or ship captain will make the best call as far as safety goes.

During my visit to the 7th continent, I was extremely lucky with my activities. I did some mountaineering, kayaking, snowshoeing, zodiac cruising, camping, and a polar plunge. None of these activities were canceled and I got to do so many different activities in Antarctica.

Only my kayaking was cut short. When we went out there was very little wind and within 30 minutes the wind picked up to 15 knots.

 Things to know before going to Antarctica - Mountaineering

Others on my ship were not as lucky and had many of their activities canceled. Each ship and expedition team schedules activities in different ways, so I cannot speak as to how it is organized. I will say that the expedition team on Oceanwide Expedition’s Ortelius worked very hard to ensure everyone got an opportunity to do their activities. That being said, they can’t control the weather.

Visit Antarctica: There are no bathrooms on shore

Yes, you read that right there are no bathrooms on shore, so you’ll have to do your business before you disembark the ship. This was a great concern to so many people on my ship that I felt it was worth addressing here.

While during the camping overnight this policy with the same they did bring a mini portable toilet and yes I did use it. I couldn’t pass up the opportunity to have the best view ever while peeing.

Other options included bringing a wide-mouth Nalgene water bottle or a female urination device to assist you. This option isn’t for everyone and I will tell you it takes a lot of practice not to pee all over yourself. If you plan on doing this make sure you practice for a while before you visit Antarctica so you don’t leave any trace of your urine on land (or all over yourself).

No food or drinks on shore

For the preservation of the continent, no food or drinks are allowed to be taken ashore. The introduction of outside food or drinks can disrupt the fragile ecosystem. In addition, where there’s food there is usually trash, which luckily isn’t an issue in Antarctica at the moment. Make sure you eat and drink enough before disembarking the ship.

Keep a minimum of 5 meters from all wildlife


During your adventure in Antarctica, it is important to remember that you are a visitor and the wild animals will be there after you leave. It is their home, not yours.

The Antarctic Treaty specifically states that visitors should give all wildlife at least 5 meters of space while on land or out on/in the water (kayakers and scuba divers). This is for the safety of not just you, but the animals as well.

While many of Antarctica’s locals are friendly (i.e. the penguins) they might be busy collecting rocks for their nests, heading to the water to go fishing, or simply wanting nothing to do with you. Please be respectful to all wildlife during your time there.

What you see will depend on the time of year you go

Antarctica’s Summer is typically from November to March. What you see will depend on when you choose to visit. I went in mid-November and was privileged to experience fresh, undisturbed snow as many of the places we visited had been untouched since last summer.

When we visited research stations, several of them had no scientists in residence as we had beat them there for the season. We were told that at several of our stops we might see whale bones on shore, but only saw them sticking out of the snow. Penguins were at nearly every stop we made trying to find their mates and beginning to collect rocks to make nests.

You can book early or last minute

While I booked by trip to Antarctica nearly a year in advance to give me time to save up, upon arrival to Ushuaia, Argentina (which is where my ship left from) I found out that many people come down with no plans at all and book cabins that are open on ships for significant discounts. If you’re the type of traveler that has the time to wait for a ship and a good deal you could save thousands of dollars on a trip.

Visit Antarctica: Pick a small ship

In Antarctica size matters. The smaller ships are the best as they have fewer passengers giving visitors more opportunities to explore. During my trip, our expedition leader told me that because we’re a small ship we were able to visit more places and have chances to get off the ship more. With approximately 100 passengers the Ortelius we able to have most of its guests off the ship twice a day exploring.


We only saw 2 other ships during our adventure and they both had 300-500 people on board. While the ships were must more luxurious looking, many of the guests were only getting onshore once a day if they were lucky. Many of them couldn’t stop at research stations and when they arrived at Port Lockery, a British Research Station and the only post office in Antarctica, the staff had to go to their ship. There were too many people on board to make a shore landing. Every person on my ship was able to visit Port Lockery!

The Drake Shake is no joke

While it might seem tempting, do not, I repeat, DO NOT look on YouTube for videos of ships crossing the Drake Passage. It will only freak you out. I realize now that I’ve said this you’re probably going to head there anyway. However, I do not recommend it.

Instead, take my word for it that it is not a joke. And I was told that I only saw a maximum of a 4 out of 10. I didn’t throw up, but there were plenty on the ship that did. Come prepared with seasickness patches and seasickness medication.

Before your visit to Antarctica talk to your doctor and find out what’s right for you. For some reason, if you cannot get seasickness patches before departure our ship had a doctor on board that had meds available. Many of the people on my ship took advantage of this and were glad they did.

My poor next-door neighbor was so sick on the way to Antarctica she spent 2 days sleeping on the floor. She looked horrible (sorry love) and may or may not have puked in the shower. All of this while on the patch and some other meds.

Let me know if you’re going to visit Antarctica! Or if you’ve been! Or if you’re thinking about going. I just want to talk about Antarctica. Let’s chat in the comments!

20 thoughts on “Visit Antarctica: Things to know before you go”

  1. Wow! So interesting. I would not have thought of most of this. Living in Idaho and Alaska has taught me the dress in layers thing. Such great advice. My husband just bought me boots rated to -148F. I’m not going to lie. That freaks me out. I love that you talk about keeping a distance from wildlife. People don’t think about it and just approach. Not so smart. You’re right, I’m going to look up the Drake Shake. I’ve never heard of it. I really would love to visit Antarctica. My dad and I were actually talking about it not so long ago.

    • Peeing outside is usually much more clean than doing it inside. Just practice and you’ll do just fine.

  2. It’s definitely on the bucket list and your tips are fantastic. I didn’t realise you could wait for an available space on a ship instead of booking in advance – what a great money saver! Sea sickness never crossed my mind, thanks for the warning!

  3. I’m totally torn on whether or not I want to visit Antarctica. It looks like an amazing adventure and I would absolutely LOVE to see the gorgeous penguins and other wildlife but … I hate boats! I’ve heard about the Drake Passage and am not sure I could get over my fears!

    • The Drake Shake is no joke and you’re stuck on the ship for a long time. Make sure you’ll all in before signing up.


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